AS9120B, ISO 9001:2015, and FAA 0056B Accredited

What Are The Main Components of An Aircraft?

Aircraft are a marvel of modern engineering. It is hard to believe that humans have figured out how to get over thousands of pounds worth of metal high in the air and keep it flying smoothly for an extended period with just automation systems alone. It might not seem like a bigger deal nowadays, but an aircraft flying in the air is no less than a miracle when looking at the specifics of their operation and assembly. As a result of continuous efforts to improve aircraft design, flying has only become more efficient, safe, and fast.

Flying an airplane requires hundreds of hours of training, and during this training, a pilot learns everything about aircraft components and flight controls, their importance, and their function. Therefore, keeping your plane in tip-top shape is essential, especially if you want it to stay safe while flying. Below, we have curated a list of essential components that every pilot and plane owner should know.


The fuselage is one of the most critical parts of an aircraft. Essentially posing as the body of the aircraft, the fuselage resembles a cylindrical  tube, and is the location where passengers, their luggage, and other cargo sits. Additionally, the fuselage serves as the foundation for many other critical aircraft segments to be joined, those of which include the cockpit, wings, tail, and more.


The next major component is an aircraft's wings. They are an exterior element included in an aircraft’s design and are also commonly known as airfoils. The wings of an airplane are what help generate lift needed for flight and are fastened on each side of the fuselage near the middle of the structure. While designing aircraft wings might seem straightforward, they require specific features and design attributes that are calculated by engineering teams.


The empennage is a crucial component of the tail-end of an aircraft. Its two main parts, the rudder and elevator, help with steering the vehicle and adjust elevation by providing additional control. The rudder controls allow one to steer the aircraft right and left, while the elevator assists with changing height and making sure that your plane does not dive too quickly when making a turn.

Power Plant

The engine or powerplant of an airplane is responsible for generating energy needed for flight. This complex system includes many smaller parts like cylinders, fans, and pistons that work together as one big machine—the engine. The powerplant works to assist in powering your flight, such as providing energy for the different types of fuel system components found on commercial aircraft today.

Landing Gear

The landing gear is what allows a plane to safely land. Without this vital piece of equipment, pilots would have no way to get their aircraft safely on a ground surface to stop. They also help with taxiing and takeoff. Landing gear equipment typically includes shock absorbers that help smooth landing and takeoff procedures, and wheels that allow the vehicle to move around on the ground quickly.


The cockpit is where you'll find the pilot, flight controls, and other instruments used to fly an aircraft. This space includes seating for the pilots and any electronic devices they may need during the flight, such as avionics or audio/radio communication devices that help keep everyone in contact while airborne. Instruments commonly found in the cockpit include a multi-function display (MFD), a primary flight display (PFD), and a navigation display.

In Conclusion

Aircraft are robust structures that have been created to fly us around the world. They comprise various components that must be manufactured and assembled with extreme precision for our modern-day flying machines to work safely and effectively.

Aerospace Domain is your one-stop shop for high-quality aerospace parts. As a subsidiary of ASAP Semiconductor, we stock and supply over 2 billion NSN, aviation, aerospace, defense, and electronic parts. With our vast inventory and knowledgeable team of account managers, we are confident that we can help you acquire any component you require.


Semiconductor's Certifications and Memberships
The only independent
distributor with a
  • All Orders are Fulfilled in the U.S.A.
  • All shipments must comply with U.S.A export laws.
  • No exceptions.
Fallen Heroes Fund

“We Proudly Support Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund that serves United States Military Personal experiencing the Invisible Wounds of War : Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post Traumatic Stress (PTS). Please visit website ( and help in their valiant effort”.

Thank You for Visiting.

We Hope that You Will Visit Us Again the Next Time You Need NSN Parts and Make Us Your Strategic Purchasing Partner.

Request for Quote

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it.